16 mineras logran 1019 millones de dólares de utilidades al primer semestre del 2018

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Referencial

POR PHD. JAVIER FLORES AROCUTIPA

Es superior en más de 300 millones de dólares lo conseguido en el año 2017 (I semestre). Una primera visión es que las 16 mineras del Perú, según la Bolsa de Valores, han acumulado riqueza, utilidades, patrimonio, ventas netas. Estas mineras son las siguientes:

Compañía de Minas Buenaventura S.A.A., Compañía Minera Atacocha S.A.A., Compañía Minera Milpo S.A.A., Compañía Minera Poderosa S.A., Compañía Minera San Ignacio de Morococha S.A.A., Compañía Minera Santa Luisa S.A., Minera , Andina De Exploraciones S.A.A., Minera Irl Limited, Minsur S.A., Perubar S.A., Shougang Hierro Perú S.A.A., Sociedad Minera Cerro Verde S.A.A., Sociedad Minera Corona S.A., Sociedad Minera El Brocal S.A.A., Southern Peru Copper Corporation – Sucursal del Perú, Volcán Compañía Minera S.A.A.

CASO UTILIDADES: CUANDO LOS PRECIOS INTERNACIONALES DETERMINAN LAS UTILIDADES

Podemos señalar que las 16 mineras que laboran en el Perú, entre los años 1999 y 2019 (primer semestre) lograron utilidades por 33550 millones de dólares. Es una cifra desde cualquier perspectiva sumamente elevada e importante.

Esta cifra representa 50 veces lo que gana en promedio SPCC en un año entre 2015-2018. Pero como ocurrió con las mineras individuales hubieron años de crecimiento y decrecimientos.

Observemos la figura siguiente (Utilidades) y podremos señalar que entre los años 1999-2005 se nota un claro ascenso que va de los 109 millones de dólares a los 1762 millones de dólares.

La época de oro fue precisamente 2006 al año 2011 cuando las utilidades se elevan de 3038 millones de dólares a la cota más alta del periodo que es de 4192 millones de soles. En este periodo la media promedio de utilidades es de 3200 millones de dólares.

Luego viene la disminución paulatina de la variable que inclusive en global obtienen perdidas las mineras en el año 2015 cuando la sumatoria es de menos 607 millones de dólares.

Pero la menor utilidad (positiva) del periodo 2012 al 2018 es de 774 millones de dólares, para luego mantenerse en el año 2017 de 1437 millones de dólares y la proyección para el año 2018 sea de 2000 millones de dólares.

Especial Mineras – Utilidades

CASO DE VENTAS NETAS

Suben los precios internacionales de los metales, suben las ventas. Talvez la historia se repita, pero lo cierto es que la evolución de los precios internacionales marca las ventas de las mineras en el Perú.

De esa manera también observamos tres etapas en el marco de las ventas en el Perú. 1999-2005; 2006-2011; y 2012-2018. En la primera etapa las ventas crecen de 1241 millones a casi 4 mil millones, crecimiento pausado pero sostenido.

En el segundo periodo las ventas crecen de seis mil millones (2006) a casi 11 mil millones de dólares (2011). Esa cifra si fue espectacular para un sector económico que en décadas no había observado tal magnitud de ventas netas.

En el tercer periodo notamos que el descenso va de casi 10 mil millones del año 2012 a seis mil millones de dólares en el año 2015 para luego empezar a incrementarse hasta un promedio de 8500 millones de dólares en el periodo 2016-2017-2018.

Especial Mineras – Ventas

CASO PATRIMONIO

Las empresas mineras de 1643 millones de dólares suben a 17811 millones de dólares. Tienen más poder que en el año 1999

Hace 18 años la riqueza de las (en ese momento) 19 mineras que declaraban en bolsa de valores era de 1643 millones de dólares.

El patrimonio que es el acumulado de lo que logra capitalizar la empresa en los años que van. En ese sentido las empresas mineras empezaron acumular de manera sostenible porque las utilidades como hemos visto eran sostenibles y cada vez mayores desde la perspectiva porcentual.

Así en el quinquenio 1999-2005 se eleva a 5 mil millones de dólares, en el quinquenio 2006-2010 ya crece a los casi 11 millones de dólares para luego en el quinquenio 2011-2015 llegar a los casi 16 mil millones de dólares, y cerrar en junio del año 2018 con casi 18 mil millones de dólares.

Nuestra reflexión es por el extremo que las empresas mineras han logrado muy buenas utilidades en el periodo de análisis y por ello independientemente que hayan logrado dichas utilidades su poderío empresarial se ha incrementado en más de diez veces.

Quiere decir que hoy las empresas mientras que declaran en bolsa de valores son más fuertes para negociar, conversar, dialogar, o inducir a cualquier gobierno en el Perú, de tal manera que los presidentes deben o tienen que conversar con los diferentes grupos de poder en el Perú y hoy en el Perú uno de esos grupos son las empresas mineras agrupadas en la Sociedad Minera.

Especial Mineras – Patrimonio

24 Comentarios

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